and the Beginning of the Frontier's End (2012)
Little Crow saw that there was very little chance of success in terms of being granted sanctuary in Canada, but he kept negotiating, swearing hatred for the U.S., and peace/friendship to Dallas and Britain. Increasingly desperate, Little Crow brought up the agreement his grandfather had made with the British over 50 years before. To Little Crow, that agreement might as well have occurred yesterday, but to Dallas, it was ancient history and irrelevant. Even after a second meeting, Dallas made his position clear to Little Crow that he should return to the U.S. Little Crow responded that if he was sent back, he and his followers would be forced to fight to the last man. Little Crow suggested that it would be to the advantage of Dallas and the British if they negotiated an agreement with General Henry Sibley that would allow Little Crow to peacefully return to Minnesota. All that idea accomplished was that Dallas could now make empty promises in order to get rid of Little Crow.
For the Dakota that weren't hanged at Mankato or imprisoned at Fort Snelling, they would experience a sort of "Long Walk" via steamboat to a reservation in Missouri that was the rough equivalent of Bosque Redondo, all courtesy of outgoing Secretary of the Interior, Caleb Smith.
Under Sibley's command, 3000 soldiers would execute a pincer movement in western Minnesota, cross into the Dakota Territory, and advance towards Devils Lake. Sibley's orders were to capture, kill, or scatter the masses of Dakota warriors; Sibley would kill over 100 Dakotas from every band of the Eastern Dakota during his trek west, but few of them would be warriors.
In July 1863, Little Crow crossed back into Minnesota, and his small band split, some wanted to attack whites, while other wanted to steal horses. Little Crow and his son headed for the Big Woods. On 3 July 1863 (which was the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg), Little Crow and his son were picking raspberries northwest of Hutchinson, very near the site of the largest pitched battle of the Dakota War eleven months earlier. Suddenly, Little Crow was shot in the midsection, badly injured, but he got back up on a knee, and started to return fire on a white father/son duo. Little Crow wounded the father, but soon the son of the white father shot Little Crow in the chest. After doing just enough to ensure his father's successful transition to the afterlife, Little Crow's son, Wowinape, fled.
Wowinape was put on trial, and four of the six white jurors agreed that he should be hanged. Sibley set the date of execution for 20 November 1863, pending approval from President Lincoln. Ironically, Pope interceded and stayed the execution, saying that a violation of military due process had occurred under the Articles of War. To Sibley, Pope's decision to obstruct the execution of Little Crow's son sullied the hangings of the 38 Dakotas, making them, in his eyes, illegitimate. But by late-1863, the whites in Minnesota didn't care if Wowinape was executed or not . . . in their eyes, the threat of a Dakota invasion ended when Little Crow was killed.